lunes, 31 de diciembre de 2012

Management theory


ADMINISTRATIVE DOCTRINES

By: Dr. Nemesio Espinoza Herrera


COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF FIVE PRINCIPALS ADMINISTRATIVE DOCTRINES

1.     Classical theory of administration
2.     Management human doctrine
3.     Theory of management systems
4.     Doctrine of quality in the administration
5.     Doctrine of reengineering (The organizational change theory)

MAIN APPROACH OF EACH DOCTRINE

1.     Genesis of the Management theory
2.     The human factor as the main focus of the administration
3.     Management approach from the point of view of General Systems Theory (GST)
4.     Propose The Quality as life philosophy
5.     Need for radical change in organizations

HIGHLIGHTS OF EACH DOCTRINE

1.     Elements of the Administration / Principles of Management / Enterprise operations / Capacity of heads / Teaching management / The modern Administration based on the Classic doctrine
2.     Nature of human behavior / Theory X - Theory Y / Human motivation / Human needs / Human psychology /
3.     The General Systems Theory (GST) / Concepts and system characteristics / The organizations (companies and institutions) as system / The administration as system / Environmental factors
4.     Quality Concepts / Eastern and Western Quality / Deming: 14 points, seven diseases and 5 obstacles
5.     Reengineering Theory / The scientific study of work / Principles of Scientific Management

MAIN PRECURSORS OF EACH DOCTRINE

1.     Henry Fayol. (Fayolism or Fayol thought about the Administration) / Friederick Taylor (Taylorism or Taylor thought about the Administration).
2.     Douglas McGregor / Abraham Maslow / Frederick Herzberg / ETC
3.     Von Bertalanffy / Fremont Kast / Jimenez Nieto
4.     Edward Deming / Mary Walton / Peter Drucker / Kaoru Ishikawa
5.     Friederick Taylor / Michael Hammer

SITUATION IN PERU OF EACH DOCTRINE

  1. Merely historical importance / Claiming its value in modern management
  2. Primacy of inhuman administration / The human factor as the fifth wheel of the car
  3. There isn´t  still the focus of management systems / The systems approach outside the administration
  4. Peruvian culture precludes achieving quality / Quality starts with the human factor
  5. All organizations require Reengineering / Fear of radical changes

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